In the hundreds, many inventions were being built to communicate faster but communication was still not fast From a way to improve the telegraph to the smartphones we carry with us, the telephone has seen an evolution in technology like no other device. For the thirty years prior to its development, the only form of communicating with someone over long distances was either through the telegraph or by letter In the last 15 years I have been speaking in two languages to communicate and now have become fluent.

My family, friends, media and my national identity have had the biggest influence on my idiolect. With my family members I speak in different languages to show respect, I speak in English with my mom and sister and speak Pashto my mother tongue with Is a discovery an invention or is an invention a discovery? This is one question that can probably never be answered. For instance, Newton discovered the existence of gravity when an apple fell on his head.

It did exist before Newton realizes its existence, but Importance of language The importance of language is essential to every aspect and interaction in our everyday lives. We communicate effectively with our words, gestures, and tone of voice in a multitude of situation. Would you talk to a small child with the same words you would in a business meeting. Language is the ability to understand speech and a desire to convey one's feelings and thoughts.

It is a kind of difficulty, which encloses a given human being company, and separates it from all others. It unites men and they develop and expand according to the need of their mind. Language is a mean of communication, delivering ideas In China, many people are learning English as their second language. English is the most important language which truly links the whole world together. English language system is very different from Chinese language system in many ways such as, grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary. This makes Regional Languages Of Pakistan Introduction: Pakistan is a multi-lingual country.

No less than 24 languages and dialects are spoken by the people of Pakistan.

There are five regional languages. Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, and Kashmiri. These languages are rich in literature, poetry, folk songs, and spiritual quotes of their respective saints and contribute greatly to the culture of Pakistan. The regional languages , though distinct from each other in their forms, dialects and expressions But that change only happens as people use the language , try out changes in meaning or spelling, and then spread that change. Words change their meanings because a community of speakers who use those words cause them to change.

Language changes when words get old and new His book concludes on p. If we take in our hand any volume; of divinity or school metaphysics, for instance; let us ask, Does it contain any abstract reasoning concerning quantity of number? The importance of English language is spreading geographically. In the world there are many languages being spoken. English is one of them which become international language. Language is used to defining the characteristics of every nation. Every country has its own language culture. Different Stages of Languages in Subcontinent: In subcontinent history of language is takes a great amount of time.

When Muslims governed Language , Power and Ideology In this article the author has explained about the multi-ethnicity of the Pakistan and role of different languages that are spoken in this state. English is the official language of the Pakistan and Urdu reserves the title of national language. Along with English, Urdu has always been a cause of rancor for people of different ethnicities as being a hurdle in the way to gain power and success. This article highlights that use of a particular language by a certain group Joe N Tutor: AF Pre-sessional English courses 10 weeks Language is the carrier of culture and portrayal of cultural.

Language and culture is inseparable. Each language have their own culture. Someone could be trying to tell a friend that there is a bear behind him or her, but they would never know; and then they would get mauled or killed. This type of situation would be devastating to mankind, and could lead to the end of humankind. Language is the greatest invention of mankind.

Without it, there is no way to: Therefore, the absence of language would most likely lead Undoubtedly, these seem meaningless to us today, but consider life without these discoveries and inventions. Would you be able to enjoy the same quality of life without them?


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But the fact is that the emergence of necessities led man to explore further. As time passed, man realized other needs arising around him. After catering to his fundamental needs Often described as the expression of culture, language is essential for communication. At present, one of the most common primary languages in the world is French.

While there are certainly many more varieties of French, Quebec French and France French are among the leading examples. This paper is meant to highlight the differences between these two French dialects. The major difference between Quebec French and French in France lies in the vocabulary. First, there is a presence of words in each Tuesday 29th October, Applied Linguistics. Introduction Every country has its own national language to speak, to write, to English Language Unit 1, Assessment Task 2: Communication forms a major part of our life and is a social activity.

This social activity is pursued verbally through speech, reading and writing or non-verbally through body language. Our Languages Language is an important means of communicating our ideas to others. India is a big country and the people speak many languages. We have eighteen major languages in our country. They are: Assamese 2. Bengali 3. Gujarati 4. Hindi 5.

Kannada 6. Kashmiri 7. Konkani 8. Malayalam 9. Manipuri Marathi Nepali Oriya Punjabi Sanskrit Sindhi Tamil Telugu Urdu All the languages have their own scripts, most of which are written from left Key words: How has the invention of fire influenced our present life with something that occurred 10, B. Why did Jacques Hadamard get his ideas The Urdu language had developed as a common language among all the communities and was, in the absence of a common religion the North-western Provinces and various part other parts of the subcontinent.

Internet Inventions Several inventions have changed the way people communicate with each other. From the old fashioned telegraph to today's modern electronic forms of communicating, people have beencreating easier ways to correspond. I'm defining the word discovery to be synomous with invention in that it is something that was "happened upon" and developed and didn't necessarily exist for all time. In order to be the most influential it must permeate every part of our lives, from leisure, education, business, and travel, to the very social system Emergence of English as a world language The need for a global link language Prof.

Anil Sarwal[1] The primary means of communication among the peoples of the world is language. According to a well known linguist, Frank Palmer[1], the difference between human beings and animals is poorly described by the label homo sapiens man with wisdom. He questions what do we mean by wisdom?


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Anthropologists describe man as a tool maker, but even apes are known to be able to make primitive tools. In fact ISL Linguistic Date: Mathematics and Sciences did go hand in hand because many aspects of Algebra helped develop new astronomical inventions. One of these inventions included the astrolabe. The astrolabe was used to measure the angles of the sun and stars above the horizon.

This was specifically helpful in marking trade routes throughout the middle east and contributed to the growth of the Islamic He also was the first black African to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Wole Soyinka was born July 13, in Abeokuta a village on the banks of the River Ogun in the western area of Nigeria. His mother was a Christian convert so devout that he nicknamed her "Wild Christian" and he father was the scholarly The title reveals the fact that two people are talking on the phone, so the beginning of the poem is on a positive note: The man is searching for a house and the land lady has named a considerable price, and the area where it is located is an impartial and not racially prejudiced TV chefs adapt and change their language to suit their audience and purpose?

There are as many different styles and variations of spoken language as there are people on Earth as language is an abundant ocean of creativity that will never dry up. George W.

Coy designed and built the world's first switchboard for commercial use. In Bell's lecture, during which a three-way telephone connection with Hartford and Middletown, Connecticut , was demonstrated, he first discussed the idea of a telephone exchange for the conduct of business and trade. Coy, along with Herrick P. The switchboard built by Coy was, according to one source, constructed of "carriage bolts, handles from teapot lids and bustle wire.

While the switchboard could connect as many as sixty-four customers, only two conversations could be handled simultaneously and six connections had to be made for each call. By 21 February , however, when the first telephone directory was published by the company, fifty subscribers were listed. Most of these were businesses and listings such as physicians, the police, and the post office; only eleven residences were listed, four of which were for persons associated with the company.

The New Haven District Telephone Company grew quickly and was reorganized several times in its first years. By , the company had the right from the Bell Telephone Company to service all of Connecticut and western Massachusetts. However it was withdrawn in in order to demolish the building and construct a parking garage. Early telephones were technically diverse. Some used liquid transmitters which soon went out of use. Some were dynamic: Such sound-powered telephones survived in small numbers through the 20th century in military and maritime applications where the ability to create its own electrical power was crucial.

The Edison patents kept the Bell monopoly viable into the 20th century, by which time telephone networks were more important than the instrument. Early telephones were locally powered, using a dynamic transmitter or else powering the transmitter with a local battery. One of the jobs of outside plant personnel was to visit each telephone periodically to inspect the battery.

During the 20th century, " common battery " operation came to dominate, powered by "talk battery" from the telephone exchange over the same wires that carried the voice signals. Late in the century, wireless handsets brought a revival of local battery power. The earliest telephones had only one wire for both transmitting and receiving of audio, and used a ground return path, as was found in telegraph systems.

The earliest dynamic telephones also had only one opening for sound, and the user alternately listened and spoke rather, shouted into the same hole. Sometimes the instruments were operated in pairs at each end, making conversation more convenient but also more expensive. At first, the benefits of a switchboard exchange were not exploited. Instead, telephones were leased in pairs to the subscriber , for example one for his home and one for his shop, and the subscriber had to arrange with telegraph contractors to construct a line between them.

Users who wanted the ability to speak to three or four different shops, suppliers etc. Western Union , already using telegraph exchanges, quickly extended the principle to its telephones in New York City and San Francisco, and Bell was not slow in appreciating the potential. Signaling began in an appropriately primitive manner. The user alerted the other end, or the exchange operator, by whistling into the transmitter. Exchange operation soon resulted in telephones being equipped with a bell, first operated over a second wire and later with the same wire using a condenser.

Telephones connected to the earliest Strowger automatic exchanges had seven wires, one for the knife switch , one for each telegraph key , one for the bell, one for the push button and two for speaking. Rural and other telephones that were not on a common battery exchange had hand cranked " magneto " generators to produce an alternating current to ring the bells of other telephones on the line and to alert the exchange operator.

In and , Edison invented and developed the carbon microphone used in all telephones along with the Bell receiver until the s. After protracted patent litigation, a federal court ruled in that Edison and not Emile Berliner was the inventor of the carbon microphone. The carbon microphone was also used in radio broadcasting and public address work through the s. In the s a new smaller style of telephone was introduced, the candlestick telephone , packaged in three parts.

The transmitter stood on a stand, known as a "candlestick" for its shape, hence the name. When not in use, the receiver hung on a hook with a switch in it, known as a "switchhook. With the new kind, the user was less likely to leave the phone "off the hook". In phones connected to magneto exchanges, the bell, induction coil, battery, and magneto were in a separate bell box called a " ringer box.

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Cradle designs were also used at this time, having a handle with the receiver and transmitter attached, separate from the cradle base that housed the magneto crank and other parts. They were larger than the "candlestick" and more popular. Disadvantages of single wire operation such as crosstalk and hum from nearby AC power wires had already led to the use of twisted pairs and, for long distance telephones , four-wire circuits. Users at the beginning of the 20th century did not place long distance calls from their own telephones but made an appointment to use a special sound proofed long distance telephone booth furnished with the latest technology.

Around , the country leading the world in telephones per persons teledensity was Sweden with 0. Since Stockholm consists of islands, telephone service offered relatively large advantages, but had to use submarine cables extensively. In , the U. The U. By over three million phones in the U. By , the U. The relatively good performance of the U. What turned out to be the most popular and longest lasting physical style of telephone was introduced in the early 20th century, including Bell's model telephone. A carbon granule transmitter and electromagnetic receiver were united in a single molded plastic handle, which when not in use were placed in a cradle in the base unit.

The circuit diagram [26] of the model shows the direct connection of the receiver to the line, while the transmitter was induction coupled, with energy supplied by a local battery. The coupling transformer, battery, and ringer were in a separate enclosure from the desk set. The rotary dial in the base interrupted the line current by repeatedly but very briefly disconnecting the line 1 to 10 times for each digit, and the hook switch in the center of the circuit diagram permanently disconnected the line and the transmitter battery while the handset was on the cradle.

Starting in the s, the base of the telephone also enclosed its bell and induction coil, obviating the need for a separate ringer box. Power was supplied to each subscriber line by central office batteries instead of the user's local battery which required periodic service. For the next half century, the network behind the telephone grew progressively larger and much more efficient, and after the rotary dial was added the instrument itself changed little until Touch-Tone signaling started replacing the rotary dial in the s.

The history of mobile phones can be traced back to two-way radios permanently installed in vehicles such as taxicabs, police cruisers, railroad trains, and the like. Later versions such as the so-called transportables or "bag phones" were equipped with a cigarette lighter plug so that they could also be carried, and thus could be used as either mobile two-way radios or as portable phones by being patched into the telephone network. Ring and W. Rae Young proposed hexagonal cell transmissions for mobile phones.

Cellular technology was undeveloped until the s, when Richard H. Frenkiel and Joel S. Engel of Bell Labs developed the electronics. On 3 April Motorola manager Martin Cooper placed a cellular phone call in front of reporters to Dr.

Invention Of Telephone In Urdu Language Free Essays

Joel S. This began the era of the handheld cellular mobile phone. Meanwhile, the inauguration of the TAT-1 cable and later international direct dialing were important steps in putting together the various continental telephone networks into a global network. Cable television companies began to use their fast-developing cable networks, with ducting under the streets of the United Kingdom, in the late s, to provide telephony services in association with major telephone companies.

One of the early cable operators in the UK, Cable London , connected its first cable telephone customer in about The telephone was instrumental to modernization. It aided in the development of suburbs and the separation of homes and businesses, but also became a reason for the separation between women occupying the private sphere and men in the public sphere.

Women were regarded as the most frequent users of the telephone. It enabled women to work in the telecommunications sector as receptionists and operators. Their autonomy was celebrated as women were able to develop new relationships and nurture pre-existing ones in their private lives.

History of the telephone

Social relations are essential in the access and usage of telephone networks. Internet Protocol IP telephony, also known as Internet telephony or Voice over Internet Protocol VoIP , is a disruptive technology that is rapidly gaining ground against traditional telephone network technologies. IP telephony uses a broadband Internet service to transmit conversations as data packets. In addition to replacing the traditional plain old telephone service POTS systems, IP telephony also competes with mobile phone networks by offering free or lower cost service via WiFi hotspots.

VoIP is also used on private wireless networks which may or may not have a connection to the outside telephone network. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Electrical telegraph. Invention of the telephone. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: Further information: Telephone switchboard. Timeline of the telephone. See also: History of telecommunication. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. IP telephony. February Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Bell Telephone Memorial , a major monument dedicated to the invention of the telephone Canadian Parliamentary Motion on Alexander Graham Bell Carbon microphone Charles Bourseul - claimed inventor of the telephone Elisha Gray Elisha Gray and Alexander Bell telephone controversy History of mobile phones History of telecommunication History of videotelephony Innocenzo Manzetti Invention of the telephone Johann Philipp Reis - claimed inventor of the telephone Antonio Meucci - claimed inventor of the telephone Private branch exchange Push-button telephone Telephone exchange The Telephone Cases , a series of court decisions in the U.

An Early History of the Telephone: Retrieved 15 January This work in turn cites: Richard Waller and edited by R. Archived from the original on 24 May Retrieved 20 May